Image by Srecko Skrobic

Management Of Green Spaces

When applying the decision tree, owners and operators are advised to consider the common issues and temporary interventions that have been identified for green spaces. Common issues outlined in this chapter include managing high footfall and restricted entry and exit points. It also suggests potential interventions to these issues from signage to floor markings and widening of footpaths.

Have you considered how to manage:

  • pedestrian space?

  • pedestrian movement?

  • queues?

  • traffic management?

Image by Victor Malyushev

Green spaces will typically include parks, recreation grounds, publicly accessible playing fields, public open spaces associated with housing developments and public burial grounds. These areas are likely to be enclosed by a variety of boundary treatments with ‘pinch point’ at entrances. The surrounding streets tend to have limited space. Green spaces will have high levels of use during warmer weather and daytime hours. Those in urban centres typically have high levels of footfalls and greater likelihood of congestion at entrance and exit points.

Overview of issues and interventions in parks and burial grounds

Every park and green space will have its own unique issues and potential interventions that could be introduced to enable social distancing but there are likely to be some commonalities.

Issues for maintaining social distancing around parks and green spaces may include:

  • High levels of footfall particularly in warmer weather, during the day and in dense urban centres.

  • Addressing different needs of multiple user groups including pedestrians, cyclists, those visiting graves or remembrance gardens, young people, families, older people and those with disabilities.

  • Restricted entry and exit points limiting the flow of people and potentially creating queues.

  • Need to accommodate different users moving in different patterns across these spaces.

  • Visitor car parking, loading and maintenance access.

  • Ability to wash hands or hand sanitation.

  • Playgrounds and outdoor gyms remain closed.

  • Outdoor sports courts can be open but people must follow the government’s rules on social distancing.

Potential interventions that could support social distancing

This is what you should be considering for the utilisation of pedestrian space:

  • Footway widening to accommodate distancing between pedestrians, including through use of temporary barriers, changes to parking bays, and cycle lanes.

  • Reduce unnecessary obstacles, for example planters and add markings/ tape on seating to maintain social distancing. Security considerations and the impacts of measures on people with disabilities and other groups needs to be kept under consideration and may call for a balanced approach.

  • Signing and communications to remind pedestrians of distance requirements. This could be through spray markings and signing at entrances.


This is what you should be considering for pedestrian movement:

  • One-way movement of pedestrians to maintain 2 metes (6 feet) distancing.

  • Signing to encourage pedestrians to wait and allow others to pass at entry ways or along footpaths.

  • Provide separate entry and exit routes for pedestrian access with clear signs.

  • Enlarge entrances and exits to minimise queues.


This is what you should be considering for queueing:

  • Defined areas to indicate where pedestrians should stand when queuing using spray markings or temporary barriers.

  • “Do not join the queue” signs provided at popular destinations, when capacity reached.


This is what you should be considering for traffic management:

  • Traffic lanes could be closed, made one way or completely pedestrianised.

  • Consider the need for delivery access and timing and essential access for street works and maintenance.

  • Consider car parking layouts and spacing, reducing capacity as appropriate.

  • On street parking could be suspended to facilitate other measures.

  • Security considerations and the impact of measures on people with disabilities, access to blue badge holders, and other groups needs to be kept under consideration and may call for a balanced approach.



Typical temporary interventions to consider for parks:

  1. Widen footways on approach streets to main entrance

  2. Widen footways within park

  3. Provide movement guidance around park including consideration for one way circulation

  4. Reduce traffic speeds

  5. Increase space for pedestrians and cycles beside park entrances

  6. Minimise pinch points, whilst taking into consideration security and the needs of the disabled and elderly.

  7. Reduce unnecessary obstacles, for example planters and add markings/tape on seating to maintain social distancing.

  8. Queue marking indicators at main entrance, popular park destinations and toilets

  9. Signs on social distancing and circulation, particularly at conflict points such as junctions and crossings

  10. Use existing street furniture for signing to avoid impacting on pedestrian flows

  11. Allow space where multiple queues meet

  12. Stewards to help manage queues and pedestrian flows

  13. Maximise access and introduce one-way entry and exit points

  14. Additional cleaning regime and maintenance

  15. Safe level crossing points to access park